We enhance biodiversity in everything we do. Biological diversity is the foundation of our existence, as a society and as a business.

We champion biodiversity while setting a precedence for a responsible connection of forest use and nature conservation.
Martin Ledwon, VP, Stakeholder Relations at UPM Communication Papers

What is biodiversity?

Biodiversity refers to the diversity and variation of species and ecosystems on our planet. It manifests as different habitats and species, which are adjusted to live in certain kinds of environments. Genetic variation within a species is also an aspect of biodiversity.

The value chain of UPM Communication Papers is completely dependent upon services provided by nature. Biological diversity is the foundation of our existence, as a society and as a business. Biodiversity is the basis for continious sustainable wood sourcing and is the foundation for sustainable operations and their development.


The elements of biodiversity



Continuously improve the diversity of UPM's own forests in Finland.

Planning & monitoring

The biodiversity program sets environmental guidelines.

Forest management

Diversifying tree species composition and forest structure as well as increasing the amount of deadwood.


Leave the most ecologically important areas out of commercial use.



The UPM biodiversity commitment is one of UPM's responsibility targets for 2030. The new commitment and programme was presented at the Conference of the Parties (COP14) of the United Nations' Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), held in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt in 2018. The aim of the commitment is to continuously improve the diversity of UPM's own forests in Finland. The company owns 570,000 hectares of forest in Finland, and managing these forests sustainably is essential to ensure the supply of wood.


Planning and monitoring

UPM has its own biodiversity program in place to ensure the biodiversity in UPM owned forests. The program was established in 1998 and it covers environmental guidelines on operational activities, forest conservation and collaboration projects with stakeholders.


Forest management

Diversifying the composition of tree and forest structure, as well as increasing the amount of deadwood is a key target of forest management in the context of biodiversity. We combine these efforts with the aim of increasing features typical of natural forests. We also aim to improve diversity, for example by increasing the different kinds of deadwood in microclimates and adding different tree species to areas that used to be dominated by one species. 


Forest conservation

The goal of forest conservation is to define which areas are the most important ecologically and to leave these out of commercial use. We protect key biotopes, larger conservation areas and occurrences of species. In some areas, we carry out restoration and management operations to secure the species that typically inhabit those areas. We choose the areas to conserve based on the law and on a voluntary basis. Conservation means that the chosen area is totally set aside, or if it is managed, forest management is done in a way that ensures biodiversity.





Our efforts in biodiversity are company-wide:

Learn more at


Learn more about biodiversity

Why must we invest in nature?

Biodiversity is at the core of any functioning ecosystem, and naturally it is also the very foundation of our business.


UPM business and biodiversity projects

UPM is committed to many projects to enhance biodiversity in regions where we operate –  local, regional and national. Here you can find a list of all projects where we have been active 1997-2020.

Download PDF 

Biodiversity in good company

The 'Biodiversity in Good Company' Initiative is a cross-sectorial collaboration of companies that have joined forces to protect and sustainably use our worldwide biological diversity. UPM is part of the initiative.

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