Text: Helen Moster
Each year, tens of thousands of tourists travel to the town of Rauma on the west coast of Finland. Rauma is most famous for its historical wooden house district, called Old Rauma, which is a Unesco World Heritage site. Amidst the district's idyllic alleyways, houses and backyards, one can still sense the spirit of a medieval town.
Despite the historical surroundings, life in Old Rauma is as modern as in the newer parts of town. For example, all Rauma's districts use district heating produced in the UPM Rauma mill site next to the town.
The forest industry has been the main source of income in Rauma for several generations. The town's first saw mill was established in 1912 and a pulp mill followed soon after that. Rauma's first paper machine started production in 1969. This strong start led into one of the largest concentrations of Finnish forest industry, that at one time employed up to 4000 people. Today, the traditional mill site consists of a paper mill, pulp mill, tall oil distillation plant and a power plant, which employ altogether over 700 people.
The UPM Rauma paper mill is mainly known for its three paper machines that produce coated and uncoated magazine paper for magazines, catalogues and marketing materials.
But there is more to the mill than paper: it generates heat, treats wastewater and creates stability for the town by providing reliable employment. The mill also collaborates with various other parties and helps attract other businesses to Rauma.
In 2016, UPM Rauma will be involved in several ventures — but what exactly does a paper mill have to do with sea floor dredging and meat processing?
Expansion of the port of Rauma
A stone's throw away from the historical centre of Rauma, there is a lively view awaiting visitors: a busy exportation port with container ships and cranes, waiting for new freight to be transported all around Finland. In 2014, over 5.5 million tonnes of goods were exported from the port of Rauma, including paper reels from the UPM Rauma mill.
Being close to the port creates clear savings for UPM. Instead of storing paper reels in the mill, the company transports them with specially designed trucks directly to the port warehouse to be loaded onto ships. "This arrangement improves our cost efficiency and competitiveness. The less the paper reels are handled, the less they get damaged. This is very important to our customers", says Timo Suutarla, general manager at UPM Rauma.
The paper mill is one of the port's largest customers, and the collaboration extends beyond paper transport. Recently, the port launched a large construction project to build a deep draft channel, and UPM has a special role in the project. Dredging the sea floor involves the removal of tens of thousands of cubic meters of sediment and debris, some of which is harmful to the environment. This contaminated sediment will be disposed of in the UPM mill site. UPM has the required environmental permit to process the material and is able to store it safely on its landfill site.
"For us, this is clearly a win-win situation since the processing gives us an opportunity to utilise waste ash from our power plant", says Timo Pitkänen, CEO of Rauman Biovoima.
The project creates prospects for ash reuse for the next decade, which is a tangible benefit for UPM.
Providing district heating and clean water for the town
Also located in the UPM mill site is the Rauman Biovoima energy company that generates district heating for the town and acts as its partner.It ensures that the people of Rauma have heating and warm water throughout the year. Over 99% of the district heating used by the town is generated locally next to the paper mill.
The power plant is among the top users of recovered fuel in Finland. It utilises forest residue from the surrounding region, commercial and industrial packaging waste and energy waste from Rauma.
In 2013, the power plant invested in recovered fuel usage by acquiring equipment to improve the receiving, handling and storing of recovered fuels. Thanks to its investment, the plant has been able to replace almost all imported fossil fuel with renewable Finnish fuels. Using domestic fuel creates savings, thus further increasing UPM Rauma's cost efficiency.
In addition to district heating, Rauma also benefits from the mill's wastewater treatment plant. In addition to its own, UPM Rauma treats all wastewater produced by the town. The figures are dizzying: the plant can process 1.2 cubic meters of wastewater in a second. This means that the average annual wastewater created by one household can be treated in one minute.
Word of the exceptionally efficient wastewater treatment has reached other businesses as well. "HKScan, a large Finnish meat processing company, decided to construct their new poultry processing facility in Rauma partly because of the wastewater treatment plant", says Suutarla.
The efficiency of the plant is demonstrated by the environmental status of the Sea of Bothnia, which has in recent years seen significant improvements. The positive change has also been widely noted among high-ranking Finnish policy makers. However, those who take most pleasure in the healthier sea are the ordinary people who have cottages or boats on the coast — and in this historical marine region, there are plenty of them.
Important wood buyer and employer
The Rauma paper mill's annual production capacity is nearly 1 million tonnes of paper. This requires plenty of raw wood material, which is almost exclusively sourced from Finland, mainly from areas around Tampere and Turku.
"Finland's forests grow by approximately 100 million cubic metres a year. Rauma has an important role in its utilisation, as we annually use about 1 million cubic metres of the new growth", Timo Suutarla says.
Wood sourcing has a notable effect on employment in various fields, including transport, forest planning and clearing. UPM Rauma employs 520 people directly and over four times more indirectly.
In Rauma, everybody knows somebody who works at the paper mill, and it has often provided livelihood for many generations of local families. Sometimes a son even takes after his father directly, as is the case with wood handling manager Jouko Aitonurmi. Read more about the chief shop steward of the UPM Rauma mill below.
In other words
Social responsibility means:
1. Responsibility for employment
2. Responsibility for energy production and the environment
3. Responsibility for employees' wellbeing
Two generations of chief shop stewards
Jouko Aitonurmi, aged 52, became acquainted with tree processing from an early age. His father Antti Aitonurmi, aged 80, worked in the forest industry for 40 years, most of which was spent working as a power plant operator. During his career, Antti was also the chief shop steward at the Rauma mill. His interest in the common good proved to be hereditary, as in 2009 his son Jouko, who works as a wood handling operator in UPM Rauma, was elected for the same position.
"Discussions about politics and the mill were very common in our household during my childhood", Jouko Aitonurmi says. Jouko has followed his father's footsteps in local politics as well: he is a member of the Rauma municipal council, just like his father before him. The culture of discussion is alive and well in the Rauma mill, resulting in a working culture with an emphasis on negotiation. "We negotiate instead of dictating and we trust the agreement process", Aitonurmi explains.
The chief shop steward's main objective is to find solutions, not create conflicts. The employer is responsible for the wellbeing and occupational health of its employees. Happy and healthy employees perform better at work.
At the Rauma mill, employees can influence their everyday working practices. "Our employees are experts in their respective fields, so we encourage them to utilise their knowledge and abilities in the best possible way", Aitonurmi says. "This is known to promote motivation and wellbeing at work."
Production capacity: 970,000 tonnes of paper 150,000 tonnes of fluff pulp PM4 is Finland's largest paper machine.
Raw materials in paper production: Over 1.3 million cubic metres of spruce and 165,000 tonnes of pulp annually
Employees at the mill site: 720.
Indirect employment effect of UPM Rauma: 2,100
Rauman Biovoima Oy
Co-owned by Pohjolan Voima and Rauman Energia, Rauman Biovoima Oy is a production company that provides energy for UPM Rauma and Rauman Energia. The company produces electricity, heat and steam using over 90% renewable fuel. It also provides district heating for the town of Rauma.